In the gay magazine The Advocate an article by human rights activist Neela Ghoshal was published. There employee of the organization Human Rights Watch condemns the practice of so-called anal examinations, which is carried out in some countries of Asia and Africa to identify homosexuals.
Ghoshal tells the story of Kaisa, who still can not forget how last December in Kairouan (Tunisia) two policemen held him to the examination table in a doctor’s office. One held Kaisa hands, the second one put him on lap and pulled down the panties. The doctor inserted finger into helpless Kais’s anus and then introduced tube.
If we call a spade a spade, it was rape, but from the point of view of the law it was quite a normal procedure – the collection of evidence for the court. The doctor has advised that the suspect previously engaged in anal sex and violated Tunisian law against sodomy.
These inspections have nothing to do with modern forensic medicine. They are based on the work of Auguste-Ombruaza Tardieu 1857, in which he claimed to be able to identify the “hard-core men” to “funnel-shaped deformation of the anus” and “characteristic of paralytic sphincter”.
In Europe, this theory was quickly debunked, but other countries have adopted it – basically, where gay sex is illegal. Most of the arrests are made on the basis of rumors or suspicions, and the theory of almost two hundred years ago helps the police to produce “evidence”. According to our data, in the last five years subject to examination anal men and transgender women are in at least eight countries: Cameroon, Egypt, Kenya, Lebanon, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda and Zambia.
After receiving a warrant, the police suspects sent for inspection to a medical examiner or a regular doctor. The anus suspects insert fingers and / or a variety of objects, “to determine the muscle tone” after which is usually made up the medical report to the court. The United Nations recognized this examination as “a form of torture or cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment”.