30 gay men were tortured and forcefully outed to their families. Then they were forced to write down the names of other LGBT people they know. Authorities fired their guns while seizing the men in the Esfahan province, the Iranian Railroad for Queer Refugees (IRQR) reported. The men, the youngest of which is only 16, were detained and according to the reports even not all of them are gay. ‘Anal examination’ is in reference to an act deemed to be torture by human rights groups. These ‘probes’ involve examining someone’s anus to see if they had been penetrated, check for traces of sperm and taking a picture to ‘study’ the shape of the hole. If it is wider, the more ‘likely’ the person has engaged in gay sex, according to the widely discredited 19th century test. Forbidden under international law, they are widely known across Africa as the ‘tests of shame’.