Same-sex adoption became legal in Israel in 2008 and since that time only three couples have become gay parents. Same-sex couples can currently be approved for adoption, but they are treated unfavorably compared to heterosexual married couples. They can only adopt children for whom no adoptive heterosexual married couple can be found, often those coming from at-risk families. They usually must wait longer to adopt, and once they do, they are considered to be two individual adoptive parents in the eyes of the law.
On July 16, 2017 The Social Affairs and Justice Ministries informed the High Court of Justice that it will not lift the discriminatory procedures for same-sex couples who want to adopt children in Israel. The ministries told of its point of view ahead of the hearing that will be held later this week on a petition asking the court to end the present adoption policy, which discriminates against single-sex and common-law marriage families.
Instead, Association of Israeli Gay Fathers, together with the Israel Religious Action Center of the Reform movement has filed a serious petition against the Social Affairs Ministry and the attorney in general to the High Court. In response, the state brief of Israel authorities said: “Concerning same-sex couples, it has been decided by the professional bodies in the Labor, Social Affairs and Social Services Ministry not to act at the present time to change the existing law.”