The Supreme Court of Nepal made it possible for trans people to update their gender in personal documents


Over the last years Nepal, a Hindu-majority country, became more liberal and tolerant to the LGBTQ community. As it is known, in 2015 Nepal expressed the willingness to legalize third gender option on passports and citizenship cards, following a 2007 Supreme Court ruling recognizing third gender as a phenomenon. After all, Nepal became one of the few countries of the world to add a third gender option to passports, but this option didn’t allow for people to update their gender to male or female, if their current gender differed to the one they were assigned at birth. LGBTQ advocates regarded this omission to be discriminative and sued in the Supreme Court of Nepal. The case was considered by the court and the court has ruled that people of diverse gender identities sexual orientation should have the freedom to live with their true identity. This historical ruling made it possible for people to update all of their personal documents, including citizenship papers, birth certificates and educational documents, to reflect their true name and gender.

Nepal’s current LGBTI laws are some of the most open in the world. The new constitution of the country, approved on September 16, 2017, made LGBTQ rights fundamental. Allegedly, it was expected to include the legalization of same-sex marriage, but didn’t. Nevertheless, the policy of the government show positive tendency and great loyalty towards LGBTQ minority groups, though same-sex marriage legalization is supposedly just around the corner.


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