Legislation calling for the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to include gender identity and sexual orientation as protected from discrimination has been approved by the House on May 17th with a 236-173 vote due to support from Democrats. The Equality Act bill would provide protection to people living in states where it’s legal to discriminate based on sexual orientation and gender identity in such spheres of social life as education, employment, housing and public spaces. But the future of the bill is uncertain because the next step is approval from the Senate, and it is unlikely to happen because the Senate is controlled by Republicans, and they do not support the bill. Republicans have claimed that by supporting the rights of transgender women the bill would threaten women in restrooms while it would also allow children to easily undergo gender transitions. Opponents also believe the bill would allow men to participate in women’s sports if they identify as female.